Eggplant is the most widely planted vegetable in the country: a fourth of vegetables harvested are eggplants. Eggplant helps in birth defect prevention. Eggplant is good for overall bone health. Planting squash on these months will avoid the peak population of insect pests and the high incidence of plant diseases. Report from The Philippines: 'How to profit from eggplant production' Science City of Mu oz, The Philippines April 18, 2005. Basically, eggplant is originated from Burma region. Setting up drip irrigation is beneficial when compared to furrow method. Number of branches per plant 7 6 Stem girth per plant in cm. Eggplant helps in weight loss management. From 1990-2013, some 19,447 hectares of eggplants yielded 170,124 tonnes, or an average yield of 8.67 tonnes per hectare, mostly harvested by poor farmers. The yield figure increased at an average annual rate of +X% from 2007 to 2018; the trend pattern remained relatively stable, with only minor fluctuations throughout the analyzed period. Eggplant. Usually, irrigation should be carried out every 3 days during summer and 10 days in winter. The growth pace was the most rapid in 2013 with an increase of X% y-o-y. This will coincide with the long dry months of the year, promoting better fruit maturation and harvesting, and avoiding fruit rotting. One hectare would require 100 … This vegetable is known in South Asia and South Africa as brinjal which belongs to the family of “Solanaceae” and genus of “Solanum”.There are many eggplant varieties differ in size and shape are grown throughout the world. Factors Affecting Production. By ... At a farm gate price of P10 a kilo, the gross is P180,000 per hectare. Okra Production Yield Or Pods Per Plant # Okra plants yield between 1-4 pods per plant. Plant spacing depends on the cultivar (variety) and soil type. Currently, the Philippines lags behind other ASEAN rice producing countries as local production only averages 3.87 MT per hectare at a seemingly high cost of P12 per kg. Returns: The market for eggplant is very volatile and prices per 20 pound box can vary greatly during the season. Eggplant is the most widely planted vegetable in the Philippines, making up nearly one-third of vegetables harvested. For lowland rice-based areas, plow and harrow the field 2-3 times alternately. However, seed rate depends on the cultivar and season. Oval shaped and black-skinned varieties include ‘Harris Special Hibush’, ‘Burpee Hybrid’,’Classic’, ‘Dusky’, ‘Bringal Bloom’, ‘Black Magic’ and ‘Black Beauty’. Eggplants can be cultivated on raised beds/ ridges during rainy season. <> It can substantially cut pesticide use, cut production cost for farmers, reduce their exposure to harmful chemicals, benefit consumers through lower price from higher eggplant production while protecting their health, and even enhancing environmental protection. You have entered an incorrect email address! With an average yield per hectare of 3,218 kilograms in 2015, gross receipts amounted to P125,985. It is not required any irrigation in rainy season and any stagnated water should be drained out as this crop is very sensitive to water logging conditions. If Bt eggplant is grown on a commercial scale in the country, it is expected to boost marketable yield by 192 percent and reduce pesticide application per hectare by 48 percent. 1 | P a g e The EGGPLANT Plant Eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) originated from India and is generally grown as a vegetable throughout the tropical, sub-tropical and warm temperate areas of the world. Yield in Eggplant Farming:- Yield depends on the variety, soil fertility, irrigation and farm management practices. There is a continuous decline in the yield of sugar cane. Cameroon 10. For computation of WUE, fresh fruit yields per hectare were divided by the water use and expressed as kg ha −1 mm −1. D. Seedling Production. Mulching is another option for controlling the weed growth and saving from soil erosion and water evaporation. The Philippine Court of Appeals said there is a … Generally 400 to 500 grams of seeds are required for 1 hectare land plantation. endobj Lito Cabrera or “Ka Lito” of Candelaria, Quezon, and Cipriano Azucena or “Ka Sipreng” of Tiaong, Quezon, both eggplant growers, have been satisfied with their harvests since 2010, as they have enjoyed 16.26 MT of eggplants per hectare harvest. Eggplant crop requires the soil pH value of 5.0 to 7.0 for good yield. This crop is susceptible to severe frost conditions. 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The most widely cultivated varieties in Europe continent and North American continent are elongated ovoid, 10 to 25 cm long and 6 to 10 cm broad in dark purple skin eggplants. centage fruitsetting, number of marketable fruits, fruit weight, yield per plot and computed yield per hectare. In this study, we used a yield of 1300 boxes per acre, the most common yield level obtained from participant growers as the basis of our analysis. <>>> Propagation and Sowing and Spacing in Eggplant Farming:-Propagation is done through seeds. It requires 60 kg of ‘N’ and  50kg of ‘P’ per hectare crop. However, ensuring the proper irrigation at the time of fruit set results in good yield and quality. Contact your local horticulture department for these growth regulator applications. 3. Eggplant is considered to be the top vegetable crop of the Philippines. From 1990-2013, 19,447 hectares of eggplants yielded 170,124 metric tons, or an average yield of 8.67 metric tons per hectare, mostly harvested by poor farmers. %���� Grow 1 to 2 plants per person. Yield 8 fruits per Italian oval varieties; yield 10 to 15 fruits per Asian varieties. Terrace farming is also beneficial for daily vegetable needs. script async src="https://pagead2.googlesyndication.com/pagead/js/adsbygoogle.js">, Having interest in farming made me to go for helping farmers and other individuals to make profits from agriculture farming, livestock farming ,horticulture farming and gardening. “It also grows taller,” the Thai expert said. Eggplant is considered to be the top vegetable crop of the Philippines. Brazil 7. However, statistics showed that there is low profit to cost (NPC) ratio per hectare in eggplant production in the country. and weighing 130 grams. potential yield: 30 tons/hectare (t/ha) ... Eggplant belongs to the family of Solanaceae. Okra Spacing & Planting # Two to Three light hoeing or earthing up should be carried out to facilitate better aeration to root system. However, such yields are exceptional. Okra Production Yield Per Hectare/Acre # Okra tends yield approximately 1.6 tons of harvesting crop per hectare… This works out to be about 4 tons per acre. in kilograms 4706.5 4185.5 Comparison of net income in pesos per hectare 376,540 334,877 Because of this much banana yield per tree, it may result in the most profitable fruit trees to grow. Bi-colored varieties with color gradient include ‘Rosa Bianca’, ‘Violetta di Firenze’, ‘Bianca Smufata di Rosa’ and ‘Prosperosa’. Grow 12 to 16 plants per person. There is a statistically significant fall in pesticide costs, 7,175 Taka per hectare (85 USD per ha), a 37.5% reduction. It is a well known that adequate nitrogen is required by eggplant for satisfactory Ecuador 6. Weedicides can also be applied to control the weeds; apply fluchloralin @ 1.5 kg a.i./ha as a pre-emergent weedicide. If Bt eggplant is grown on a commercial scale in the country, it is expected to boost marketable yield by 192 percent and reduce pesticide application per hectare by 48 percent. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Rubber yield increased from a low of 1.99 metric tonnes in 1989 to 2.44 metric tonnes in 1998. Eggplant Yield Estimates. Cost of production, PCARRD said, is P 92,123 per hectare. 1 0 obj Partial budget analysis found that the adoption of Bt eggplant would provide a net incremental benefit of around PhP50,000 (USD909) per hectare compared to the current eggplant variety used by farmers. height, number of leaves and yield (74%) of eggplant over recommended rate of N fertilizer with the application of 75 kg ha-1.Devi et al. Okra seeds were planted about 2-3 cm deep in a single row on top of the ridges. <> Eggplant is a good source of anti-oxidants and helps in cancer prevention. However, ensuring the proper irrigation at the time of fruit set results in good yield and quality. To demonstrate the benefits of Bt eggplant, ISAAA released a new infographics titled Which Eggplant Will You Choose? Pinatubo variety showed better growth and yield performance compared to Red Hot variety. Yield increases arise because Bt farmers harvest more eggplant and because fewer fruits are discarded because they are damaged. Among the 3 types of tobacco grown by farmers, Virginia type gave the highest income per hectare (P 51,642 or US$ 1,147.60) while the native type generated the least (P 19,266 or US$ 428.13). Brazil 7. Irrigation in Eggplant Farming:-Eggplant crop requires frequent irrigation especially in dry season. Garlic. Highest gross and net incomes were realized from the control eggplant varieties. 6 Cost and Return Analysis per Hectare in Philippine Money (Peso) 9 List of Figures Table No. 1.03 1.17 Number of fruits per plant 64 58 Length of fruits 5.18 4.96 Weight of fruits per plant in grams 127.18 113.03 Computed yield/Ha. It is also the 16th most highly-consumed Filipino crop. Guide for papaya fertilization in the Philippines: 1. When transplanting the seedlings in the field, carry out light irrigation to make the roots establish in the soil. Green skin slim cultivar includes ‘Louisiana Long Green’ and ‘Thai Green’. Harvesting in Eggplant Farming:- Usually, for cooking purpose, eggplants should be harvested at immature stage. The plots consisted of 3 ridges in which 10 okra plants per ridge were planted at a spacing of 100 cm × 30 cm, giving a total plant population of 30 okra plants per plot (33,333 okra plants per hectare equivalent). 20 to 25 tonnes of well rotten farmyard manure (FYM) or garden compost should be applied during land preparation. It can substantially cut pesticide use, cut production cost for farmers, reduce their exposure to harmful chemicals, benefit consumers through lower price from higher eggplant production while protecting their health, and even enhancing environmental protection. Average eggplant yield in the country is 9.95 metric tons per hectare. It is cultivated for the immature fruits which are either roasted, fried, stuffed, cooked … Introduction of Eggplant Farming:- Eggplant is one of the most common tropical vegetables grown in the world. number of fruits per plant, weight of fruits per plant, and computed yield per hectare in kilograms compared than the rest of the parameters that showed no interaction effect. Eggplant is good for diabetes management. The Philippine Court of Appeals said there is … Highest gross and net incomes were realized from the control eggplant varieties. Eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) is known as aubergine and brinjal (English), talong (Tagalog), tarong (Ilocano), or bringhinas (Bisaya). Grows best with temperature range of 22-32°C. The average yield per hectare of rice and corn is low at 2.6-2.9 metric tonnes per hectare and 1.2-1.6 metric tonnes per hectare, respectively. Local Names of Eggplant in India:- Baingan (Hindi), Kathirikkai (Tamil), Vankaya (Telugu), Vazhuthanaga (Malayalam),Ringan (Gujarati), Vaangi (Marathi), Baigana (Oriya), Khamen (Manipuri), Bengena (Assamese), Bengun (Bengali), Badane (Kannada), Vangun (Kashmiri), Baingan (Urdu) and Brinjal. World's eggplant stats by total production, production per capita, harvasted area and yield. The best sowing time of eggplant is May to June, August to September and December to January. Lean varieties in purple-black skin type include ‘Little Fingers’, ‘Pingtung Long’, ‘Ichiban’ and ‘Tycoon’. In mango, the average yield increased from a mere 5 metric tonnes per hectare in 1989-1992 to 10 metric tonnes per hectare in 1997-1998. Banana production; about more than 20 kg of banana fruit per each blossom of banana can be achieved if plant manages well & care properly. Eggplant has some medicinal properties as well. [i]f Bt eggplant is grown on a commercial scale in the country, it is expected to boost marketable yield by 192 percent and reduce pesticide application per hectare by 48 percent. Okra seeds were planted about 2-3 cm deep in a single row on top of the ridges. Okra Production Yield Or Pods Per Plant # Okra plants yield between 1-4 pods per plant. Different eggplant cultivars produce fruit of different size, shape, and color, though typically purple. However, selecting quality disease free seeds with high disease resistant is advised. Agronomic efficiency of nitrogen. It is a high yielding variety that can yield as much 49 tons per hectare. In Mn-deficient soils, foliar spray with 0.5- percent manganese sulphate solution 2–4 days before the first irrigation and again 2–3 times at weekly intervals can be done on sunny days. Your Guide in Eggplant Production SOIL AND CLIMATIC REQUIREMENTS Moreover, Francisco estimates that expenditure on pesticides of eggplant farmers amounted to about P28,000 per hectare, which comprises 29 percent of total production costs. When it comes to yielding in different soils, eggplant grown in clay soils produce more where as eggplant grown in sandy soils yield early. [MANILA] A court in the Philippines has ruled that a genetically modified (GM) crop, Bt eggplant, could pose risks to human health and the environment, and has called a halt to field trials — much to the disappointment of researchers. At P10.77 per kilo, the gross revenue of farmers could reach P130,123 per hectare. This will be thinned later to achieve a minimum plant density of 100,000. Okra Spacing & Planting # It can substantially cut pesticide use, cut production cost for farmers, reduce their exposure to harmful chemicals, benefit consumers through lower price from higher eggplant production while protecting their health, and even enhancing environmental protection. The Price for each type of vegetable is in Philippine Peso per Kilogram or per … Mr. Reddy-January 3, 2016 It is also the 16th most highly-consumed Filipino crop. Jomar Jarvina, 37, is a farmer and politician from Cabatuan, Isabela who won the National Gawad Saka Search for Outstanding Farmer, Integrated Rice Based Farming System in 2013 after harvesting a two season average of 16 metric tons or some 320 cavans of unmilled hybrid rice per hectare in 2012. Propagation and Sowing and Spacing in Eggplant Farming:- Propagation is done through seeds. Returns: The market for eggplant is very volatile and prices per 20 pound box can vary greatly during the season. centage fruitsetting, number of marketable fruits, fruit weight, yield per plot and computed yield per hectare. Yield 3 to 6 pounds per 10-foot row. Grow 1 to 2 plants per person. Yield 8 fruits per Italian oval varieties; yield 10 to 15 fruits per Asian varieties. For Sheep and Goat farming Guide: Read here. https://dbmp.philrice.gov.ph/palaystat/statistics/retrieve/table/1 For optimum yield and profit, plant in rice-based lowland areas from October to December, and May to July for hilly areas. Grow 2 to 3 plants per person. ‘Kampana’ 133 Hybrid – It is a big fruited, high yielding sweet pepper variety that adapts well in mid to high elevation areas. In 2018, the average eggplant yield in the Philippines amounted to X tonne per ha, flattening at the previous year. These regulators need to be sprayed at commencement of flowering and 4 to 6 weeks after transplanting in the field. 2.4 Share of Crops in National Agricultural GDP and Trade However, statistics showed that there is a low profit to cost… computed yield per hectare, statistical analysis showed insignificant result on the yield obtained per hectare on tomato, mungbean and pepper, however, highly significant result was noted on the yield per hectare of cowpea and eggplant applied with fermented plant juice. D. Seedling Production. Eggplant. If you are planning on large scale commercial cultivation, soil testing is preferred to find out the soil fertility. The pods are what you harvest…the fruit/vegetable of harvest. Colombia 9. The pods are what you harvest…the fruit/vegetable of harvest. 4. Keeping quality of fruits varies with variety (cultivar). Ecuador 6. Colombia 9. Adoption of Bt eggplant has significant potential to increase marketable yield, reduce costs, and increase net profits. It can be produced throughout the year, but it is best planted at the tail end of the rainy season. A much wider range of shapes, sizes and colors are cultivated in India and elsewhere in South Asia. Planting Season in Eggplant Farming:-Eggplant can be planted thrice a year. In south East Asia eggplant is being used in curry and used to prepare different kinds of dishes. Weed Control in Eggplant Farming:- Make sure the field is weed free during initial stages of crop growth. Okra Production Yield Per Hectare/Acre # Okra tends yield approximately 1.6 tons of harvesting crop per hectare… This works out to be about 4 tons per acre. Title Page 1 Beneficial insects which can be used to control pests in eggplant and other crops 8 . Pests and Diseases in Eggplant Farming:- Common pests in eggplant farming are ;fruit and shoot borer, jassids , epilachna beetle, nematode and mites. Yield 3 to 6 pounds per 10-foot row. 4 0 obj Countries by Eggplant Production China is the World's leading Eggplant producer with 32,027,403 tonnes yearly production. Eggplant is considered to be the top vegetable crop of the Philippines, and the 16th most highly-consumed crop in every Filipino meal. The Price for each type of vegetable is in Philippine Peso per Kilogram or per … (2002) found better fruit girth, fruit weight and fruit yield level of eggplant with the application of 120 kg per hectare. India is the second largest producer of eggplant in the world next to China. To learn more about these studies, download and read the book Socioeconomic Impacts of Bt Eggplant: Ex-ante Case Studies in the Philippines from the ISAAA website . If Bt eggplant is grown on a commercial scale in the country, it is expected to boost marketable yield by 192 percent and reduce pesticide application per hectare by 48 percent. Banana production; about more than 20 kg of banana fruit per each blossom of banana can be achieved if plant manages well & care properly.